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What do you mean by Cyber Attacks?

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23-July-2022 Cyber Security

What do you mean by Cyber Attacks?

Cyber Attack is usually considered to be the most important terminology used nowadays. In general, a cyber-attack refers to a specific action designed to target a particular computer system or a specific element of the respective computerized information system to change, steal or destroy the network badly.

What do you mean by Cyber Attacks?

Types of Cyber Attacks

In this tutorial, we will discover the various types of cyber-attacks, but before that, let us know what is meant by cyber-attacks?

What do you mean by Cyber Attacks?

Cyber Attack is usually considered to be the most important terminology used nowadays. In general, a cyber-attack refers to a specific action designed to target a particular computer system or a specific element of the respective computerized information system to change, steal or destroy the network badly. These are only termed to be the "Cyber attacks."

Types of cyber attacks

Different types of the cyber-attacks are now prevailing in these modern eras, and some of them are as follows:

  • Phishing Attacks.
  • MITM Attacks.
  • Crpytojacking.
  • Password Attack.
  • Malware.
  • Denial-of-Service (DOS) Attack.

1. Phishing Attacks: Phishing attacks are usually considered the most important types of cyber-attacks that are commonly occurring nowadays. In general, phishing attacks are considered the common type of attacks involving sending a huge amount of fraudulent emails to respected unsuspecting users that can be disguised as coming from the respective reliable source.

An attacker may execute the attack by just sending the link that usually brings an individual to a website which in turn fools an individual user into downloading malware that may include the viruses, as well as the opening of the respective link, which can give access to the private information of the individual user to the attacker.

Phishing attacks can be easily prevented by carefully examining the links or email that has been sent before opening them.

2. MITM Attacks: MITM Attacks are most important types of cyber-attacks. The MITM Attacks acronym (Man-in-the-Middle) is also called the eavesdropping attack. In Man-in-the-Middle (MITM) attack, an attacker usually interrupts (comes in) between the two-party communication, which means the respective attacker or the intruder intrudes the particular session between the client and the host effectively. By intruding on the session, an intruder can easily steal and be quite capable of manipulating the data effectively.

These attacks can easily be prevented with the help of the following things:

  • Not to make use of public Wi-Fi networks.
  • And using effective encryption on your devices (Mobiles and laptops).
  • And many more etc.

3. Crytojacking: Crytojacking is another type of cyber-attacks. In general, the word cryptojacking is related to the cryptocurrency concept. Cryptojacking usually takes place when the particular intruder or the attacker tries to get access to someone else's computer system for mining cryptocurrency.

Furthermore, the access is usually gained by the particular intruder by just making the website infected or manipulating the victim (users) to click on the malicious link that the intruder quite generates. Once the victim (users) clicks on the malicious link, the intruder gets access to their computer system and effectively achieves the crypto-mining code without getting unnoticed by the victim (users).

The crypto-jacking can be easily prevented by doing the following things effectively that are as follows:

  • Always update your respective software as well as all the security apps.
  • Giving training related to cryptojacking attacks to the employees working in an organization.
  • And always install an ad blocker.

4. Password Attack: In general, a password attack is a special type of the attack where the attacker or the intruder (hacker) makes all possible sets of permutations and combinations to obtain the password, or it can also be cracked with the help of the popular cracking tools such as John the Ripper, Hashcat and many more etc.

Some the useful ways can easily prevent password attacks:

  • Making passwords with combinations of alphabets, numbers, and also special characters.
  • Do not use the same password for multiple accounts or the website.
  • Always change your password.

5. Malware: Malware attack is usually considered to be one of the most important as well as the most common types of the cyber-attacks, as malware usually refers to the malicious types of the software viruses that may include the following:

  1. Ransomware.
  2. Worms.
  3. Adware.
  4. Trojans.
  5. And many more etc.

So, when malware comes to the computer system or the network, it will harm the system and the network badly.

Prevention from the malware attacks includes the followings:

  • Use of the effective antivirus.
  • Use of effective firewalls.
  • Always be alert and avoid making click on suspicious links.
  • Regularly updating the operating system as well as the browsers.

6. Denial-of-Service (DOS) Attack: Denial-of-Service is usually considered to be the major threat to particular companies because, in these, the intruder or the hacker generally targets the whole system, servers, as well as the effective networks and makes them flooded with the the the traffic that is used to exhaust their resources badly. When this happens, the website will slow down or abruptly shut down.

Furthermore, it is also termed the DDoS (Distributed Denial-of-Service) attack, when the respective attackers or intruders use multiple compromised systems to launch the attack.

This can be easily prevented by making use of the following points effectively:

  • Understanding of the respective warnings sign includes the slow down of the website and the abruptly shut-down of the computer system.
  • Running the effective traffic analysis for identifying the malicious traffic effectively and efficiently.

 

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